Due to advancements in manufacturing industries, a combination of different elements results in useful materials. Steel, an alloy of iron and carbon, has its presence in almost every industry. One such useful accessory found in every household is a knife.
Although there are different materials used in the manufacturing of knives, steel is the most popular. A type of steel that is gaining recognition is ATS 34 steel. The difference in the cost of different knives is due to the material contained in them. Since the blade is the crucial part, its sharpness matters the most.
Is ATS 34 steel good for knives?
The presence of higher carbon content in this alloy makes ATS 34 steel appropriate for knives. However, due to its increased hardness, sharpening may not seem quite easy. The physical properties and composition of ATS are similar to the ones required in durable knives.
The basic idea of knives with carbon content
Knives that have more than 0.5% carbon are acceptable for their production. Although there are different varieties of steel, very few of them are useful for knives. ATS 34 falls under that group of carbon steel.
An essential characteristic of ATS 34 steel is its ability to resist damage and provide long-lasting performance. Every user looks for knives that are resistant to wear and strong enough to cut through hard substances.
Constituents of ATS 34
Let us first discuss the constituents of ATS steel for better knowledge about the alloy.
Chromium content in ATS 34 steel takes up 14%. The other metal which has the maximum concentration in this alloy is Molybdenum with 4%. The major ingredient which provides hardness and high resistance is carbon. Further, there is very little concentration of manganese, silicon, and phosphorus.
For better understanding, the composition is as follows:
- 1.05% Carbon gives the steel its required hardness
- 14% Chromium ensures high strength and retains sharpness of the edges.
- 4% Molybdenum supports shaping through machinery
- 0.4% Manganese carbon for hardness
- 0.35% Silicon supports flexibility strength and prevents breakage.
Thus, a mixture of high carbon and chromium makes the steel resistant to corrosion and damage. ATS steel knives have the ability for heavy-duty use like hunting. Its sharp edges can slide through rough substances quite easily.
Properties of ATS 34 steel
Carbon is the major ingredient in knives, and the processing of iron transforms it into steel. Depending on the carbon content in steel material, it receives its required hardness. However, other materials like manganese, Molybdenum, etc., support steel in maintaining its shape and strength. Below we will discuss the characteristics of ATS 34 in detail.
Below mentioned are the essential properties of this alloy that makes it useful in the blade making industry.
The presence of carbon and manganese in ATS 34 makes it hard enough to cut through hard surfaces. Hardness ensures that the knife can perform well during usage. Softness in knives damages it while cutting through solid items.
Low iron content makes it less prone to corrosion. ATS 34 is immune to rust and does not degrade when it comes in contact with acids. Thus, it is ideal for cutting fruits like lemons and oranges.
ATS 34 sleet knives are quite sharp to glide through almost any material. However, it can retain this sharpness for a long time, but it is difficult to sharpen later. This is because there is a high percentage of carbon and chromium in this combination of alloy. Thus, sharpening is not very easy, but once done, it can retain its edges.
Alloys that have more than 1% of carbon are resistant to wear. ATS 34 falls under this category with 1.05% of carbon in it. The steel’s ability to withstand damages makes it useful for usage in everyday chores.
A knife must be able to resist breakage due to bending. High tensile strength steel is essential for this feature. Silicon presence in the alloy improves the strength of knives and enhances their capability.
Once the steel receives its shape of a knife, it retains for a longer duration. Heavy-duty usage does not distort its shape, making it useful for the application. Further, it also withstands a high force of impact before it deforms.
As we conclude the article, it is proven that ATS 34 steel is suitable for making knives. Its high resistance to corrosion makes it appropriate for kitchen use. Secondly, its ability to cut through hard materials is ideal if used for hunting purposes.
Its ability to retain shape provides long-lasting performance, and its edge sharpness gives it multiple uses property. However, it’s a bit challenging to resharpen it when blunt, which although is not soon after purchase.
Since sharpness is very important for knives, its maintenance is also essential. Ensure to keep the knives clean after use and store it properly to avoid scratches due to frequent falls.