With the advancement in metallurgy, metallurgists have been able to create tough steel alloys that people can rely on when making cutting tools such as knives.
It is worth noting that not all steel alloys are the same in terms of toughness, machinability, and durability.
As such, before using any type of steel, you have to check if its features fit the job description since some alloys perform better than others in certain situations.
Knifemaking, in particular, is one of the metalworking tasks that may require you to know your steel in great detail.
With this in mind, you may have asked yourself if CPM-3V steel is good for knives. To assist you with this, it would be wise if we answered the following question;
Is CPM-3V a Good Knife Steel?
CPM-3V is one of the toughest steels because it contains a high amount of vanadium, a compound, which forms carbides that increase the overall strength of steel. Knives that are made from this steel alloy are of superior quality and equally durable.
That being said, if toughness is your main concern, 3V steel alloy is one of the materials that you consider using when making knives.
Besides, this steel alloy is made through an advanced and complex procedure, which increases its structural integrity and overall performance.
Aside from vanadium, CPM-3V steel is made up of molybdenum, carbon, and chromium, all of which play an important role in ensuring your knife stays intact even when used extensively.
During the product process, the above compounds are subjected to high-temperature conditions so that they can reach a molten state.
After this, the hot liquid is forced through a pressurized nozzle, which atomizes the molten compounds to form steel powder.
That is not all; the powder has to be processed further to achieve finer particles, which can easily be compressed to form CPM-3V steel.
The above procedure is just but a summary since the production of 3V steel is very involving.
Can CPM-3V steel oxidize?
3V steel is not stainless, so it can easily get oxidized when stored in harsh conditions. Consequently, this can lower quality and may also discolor the surface of the steel.
As such, knives that are forged from CPM-3V steel should be stored properly to avoid possible damage.
Alternatively, you can keep your knives in top-class condition by applying an extra coating that will protect the steel underneath from destructive compounds.
Advantages of using CPM-3V steel in Knifemaking
Superior Wear Resistance
Because CPM-3V steel has a dense structure and is also held together by strong carbides, it is less likely to wear out as you cut different items.
As a result, the knife will retain its geometries even after it has been in use for several years. This means that the knife won’t get deformed, and neither will it dull up easily.
Good Edge Retention
CPM-3V steel has better edge retention compared to A2 and D2 steel, which are also some of the common types of steel that are used in making knives.
However, restoring the cutting edges of 3V knives once they have deteriorated may not be as easy due to the toughness of the steel.
It is for this reason that most 3V knives are factory-sharpened since the process requires a sharpening tool with a specific grit rating.
Thanks to this feature, CPM-3V knives can particularly come in handy in a wide range of bushcraft applications.
Highly Resistant to Breakage
One thing that you will like about CPM-3V steel is that it does not break easily even when put to heavy-duty use.
As such, you can comfortably use your knife when batoning without worrying about it shattering.
In addition to this, knives that are crafted from 3V steel can bend freely to some extent without losing their shape.
To add to this, 3V knives don’t chip easily, so your knives will remain functional for a very long period as long as you use them correctly.
More to this, CPM-3V steel is more resistant to patina compared to A2 steel, so the surface of your knives will stay as shiny as they were when you bought them.
With all these features, you can make use of CPM-3V steel knowing that it will provide you with exceptional results.
Besides, 3V steel can be used when making different types of knives since it has most of the features that a knifemaker would look for in a material of this class.
That said, you can use CPM-3V steel when forging knives that you intend to use in abusive conditions.
Nonetheless, always ensure that the surface of the knife is coated to increase the tool’s overall durability.
In as much as CPM-3V steel has amazing qualities, it also has its drawbacks just like most of the steel alloys that you may already be familiar with.
One of its drawbacks is that it is very expensive due to the complex production process, which requires the use of specialized machines.
Additionally, 3V is not stainless steel, meaning that it can be affected by rust if stored in conditions that are not conducive.
Nevertheless, the benefits of CPM-3V steel outweigh the drawbacks, so you can use it without worrying about anything.
You’ll just have to ensure that the knives are cleaned and stored properly after each use since this will prevent destructive agents such as rust from damaging your knife.
3V knives can assist you when hunting or when you are out camping because they can resist the effects of the elements.
To make it even better, CPM-3V steel is shock-resistant, so it will provide you with maximum control when cutting.
And because the cutting edges of 3V knives are wear-resistant, you won’t have to sharpen the knives after each use.
CPM-3V may not be the best steel for forging knives, but it is one of the excellent options that you can use if you are looking to make a knife that will last.
To top it all up, it has high chromium content, so don’t expect 3V knives to break easily.